Demise of the Southern Dead Sea Plains

Sodom and Gomorrah, along with sister cities Admah and Zeboiim, were destroyed by burning sulphur raining down from the sky, around the year 2067 BC. Situated at the southern end of what is now the Dead Sea, the area was once a lush and fertile region.

“Lot lifted up his eyes and saw all the valley of the Jordan, that it was well watered everywhere—this was before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah—like the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt as you go to Zoar. Genesis 13:10″

But God heard the great outcry that arose to heaven against the evil done in those cities, and He destroyed them with brimstone–burning sulphur hail–that some believe was the result of a meteor strike on the region.
“Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven, and He overthrew those cities, and all the valley, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the ground. Genesis 19:24-25″
The destruction obliterated four cities, and permanently rendered the soil useless. The region was left blanketed in ash and salt.
“God turned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes, condemned them with an overthrow, making them an example unto those that after should live ungodly. 2 Peter 2:6”
At least one person who did not clear the blast radius was encrusted in ash and salt, not unlike the bodies recovered in Pompeii.
“But Lot’s wife, trailing behind him, turned back toward the cities, and she became a pillar of salt. Genesis 19:26”
Some 600 years later–around 1400 BC–Moses would reference these decimated cities as a powerful reminder:
“All its land is brimstone and salt, a burning waste, unsown and unproductive, and no grass grows in it, like the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, which the LORD overthrew in His anger and in His wrath. Deuteronomy 29:23″
To this date, the southern end of the Dead Sea is a barren wasteland, where sulphur is easily found encrusted in ash, and where salt content in the Dead Sea has made it a truly unique ecological site.
Forbes documents the research of this site, summarizing the cataclysmic event as having happened the way the Biblical account describes, and ends the article with the tongue-in-cheek question, “Did someone, perhaps a deity, order an asteroid hit on Sodom?”